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Dvorak keyboard layouts are based on designs created by August Dvorak, a professor at the University of Washington during the 1930s and 1940s. Dr. Dvorak studied the way people type standard English, and determined the most common letter combinations. He then designed new keyboard layouts to
maximize efficiency (by placing common letters on the home row), reduce fatigue, and make the stronger fingers of the hands do most of the work. These layouts, now called Dvorak or simplified keyboards, were initially developed for two-handed typists. Following World War II, Dvorak layouts were developed for typists who use the right or left hand alone.
It is well known that the QWERTY keyboard was designed by Christopher Sholes to slow typists down, to prevent them from jamming the keys in old manual typewriters.
Essentially, the Dvorak keyboard is a style of typing. But, you don't have to buy a real Dvorak keyboard to type in the Dvorak typing style, the most efficient typing style.
Dr. Dylan James recommended against labeling keys, but recommended printing out the layout and keeping it in view as you type. This is what Dvorak typing teachers want you to do in the first place (if you join a class) and it really works. This is a very effective way to help you resist the temptation to look at the keyboard.
Before you decide to change to the Dvorak keyboard, there are some realistic things you have to think about.
If you are a secretary, or a professional typist using a computer, you or your colleague may have to spend several minutes installing a Dvorak driver. By default, most computer systems offer a QWERTY keyboard. Despite these initial difficulties just think about the benefits that will come several weeks later: more efficiency, more money, less tiredness, less typing injury, more joy. My advice to anyone considering switching is to choose a non-stressful week or two in which maximum typing speed isn't required. This will keep you from temporarily switching back when you get frustrated, which would wreak havoc with your learning.
If you are a boss and want your staff to work more efficiently encourage them to change to the Dvorak keyboard. Maybe they are very busy at present and learning to type Dvorak may consume many hours, so, you may choose a non-stressful week to promote the Dvorak approach.
If you are a student, and use network computers at school, it may be hard for you to install a Dvorak program. You may have to ask the administrator of the network to install it. If you can ask friends it may be much easier.
If you are a person who uses various computers and type a lot, it may be impossible installing Dvorak drivers program an all the computers you use. Forget the Dvorak as I did.
If you are a home computer user the Dvorak is your best choice to save typing time, and gain more time for playing games, and spending time with your family.